0Capteurs de plantes MiFlora dans Home Assistant

I’ve been suing the MiFlora Home Assist­ant integ­ra­tion to get data on vari­ous house plants for a while. How­ever along the way I’ve had to over­come vari­ous hurdles includ­ing lim­ited range of bluetooth, bat­tery life issues, and get­ting the bat­tery val­ues to report. I finally seem to have cracked all of these and now have a sys­tem that works reli­ably with lots of plants around the house. I’ve sum­mar­ised what I’ve used below.

Matériel

La première chose à dire est que j'ai un bluetooth USB dongle attached to my home assist­ant sys­tem. This mon­it­ors the plants in range dir­ectly (i.e. ceux dans la même pièce que la boîte HA). To mon­it­or more dis­tance devices I have used an ESP32 board with built-in bluetooth mod­ule which I have inside a cheap little case and have powered with an old micro-USB Chargeur de téléphone

  • USB Dongle: the one I got is no longer avail­able — due to age — but there are plenty of amazon and else­where — just make sure it has sup­port in linux
  • Carte ESP32: j'ai un JZK ESP32‑S which is cur­rently £6.49 on amazon
  • Cas pour ESP32: I found the case for a NodeM­CU Wroom-32D (short aer­i­al) fit­ted my board — this was £4.20 from ebay

Intégrations pour Home Assistant

Whilst the basic MiFlora integ­ra­tion is built in to home assist­ant I found it uses a lot of bat­tery when used nat­ively. A la place j'utilise le Bluetooth Low Energy Mon­it­or 3rd party integ­ra­tion which you can install eas­ily using DÉCALAGE
J'ai ensuite également installé le ESPHome integ­ra­tion for home assist­ant to man­age my ESP32 BLE repeater
Enfin, to dis­play the plants in a nice way I added a par­tic­u­lar fork of the carte de plante lovelace module complémentaire via LAG

Configuration

Once BLE Mon­it­or was installed and con­figured with my bluetooth dongle it picked up the MiFlora sensors with­in range and lis­ted them in its “devices” drop down as well as list­ing the devices and entit­ies on it’s card in the HA configuration
The great thing about BLE mon­it­or is that it listens for the sensors to trans­mit, rather than act­ively polling them, which would run down their bat­ter­ies. Cependant, the sensors don’t trans­mit bat­tery inform­a­tion so to get this we have to act­ively poll for it. Sondage juste pour ça, and pass­ively listen­ing for the oth­er data seems to be the best com­prom­ise if you want to have all the data avail­able but also max­im­ise the sensor’s bat­tery life. I have sep­ar­ated my configuration.yaml into mul­tiple sep­ar­ate files to keep things a bit easi­er to man­age so I just have the fol­low­ing line in my configuration.yaml —

Then in sensors.yaml I have each plant lis­ted as follows

Next — to make the plants appear nicely I have a plants con­fig. Comme avant une seule ligne dans configuration.yaml pour commencer: 

Et puis dans plants.yaml j'ai comme suit

Note the subtle dif­fer­ence between the entity name for the bat­tery com­pared with the oth­er sensors. The bat­tery entity is com­ing from the miflora plat­form in sensors.yaml whilst the oth­er 4 sensors are com­ing from the BLE integ­ra­tion. There IS a bat­tery entity lis­ted by the BLE integ­ra­tion but this just shows as “unknown” for this plant. This con­fig­ur­a­tion is needed for the plant card to show the plant in a nicely presen­ted way
Ensuite, allez simplement à l'endroit où vous souhaitez ajouter votre plante et ajoutez la carte de plante lovelace. You will have to “con­fig­ure” the card manu­ally, but it only takes 3 lines…

Note that the spe­cies is lis­ted for 2 raisons. Firstly it will dis­play the name on the card, mais plus import-antly, it will also dis­play a pic­ture of the plant if you have down­loaded the plant images and added them into \config\www\images\plants using the lat­in names — the inform­a­tion on the data­base is avail­able on the lovelace plant card documentation

Portée étendue

Enfin, nous devons étendre la portée que nous pouvons atteindre. Pour cela, nous avons besoin de l'appareil ESP32. The first thing to do is to get it hooked up to your com­puter via USB et flashez-le avec une image ESPHome de base
J'ai utilisé le ESPHome Flash­er et l' cp210x uni­ver­sal win­dows driver from SiL­abs and fol­lowed the guide provided by the ESPHome Home­As­sist­ant integration
The con­fig I used for my ESP32 device is below

Ensuite, enregistrez et mettez à jour votre appareil esp32 via wifi. The ESP32 device will pick up the data from the miflora sensor and will ‘push’ it via wifi to the BLE integ­ra­tion which will cre­ate a device and entit­ies auto­mat­ic­ally. Devices pushed in this way do appear to show their bat­teyr level (thanks to the code at the bot­tom of the myhomeiot_ble_client sec­tion I believe). Il vous suffit ensuite de donner un joli nom à l'appareil (and let the entit­ies be renamed too) and then cre­ate an entry in plants.yaml with the right entities

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