0PSU标志PSU效率 2 - 一个典型的游戏PC

Fol­low­ing on from the slight sur­prise that a new 电源供应器 is a poor invest­ment for a low power PC I decided I’d reas­sure myself that an effi­cient 电源供应器 is a good invest­ment for a typ­ic­al “enthu­si­ast” PC.

To do this depends on the con­fig­ur­a­tion, how much time the PC spends on, and how much time it spends being heav­ily util­ised. I’m basing this on a fairly-high power single-GPU sys­tem with a Core i7 CPU and a Radeon 5870. I’m also going to assume the sys­tem is oper­ated from 3pm — 11pm week­days and 9am — 1am week­ends, mak­ing for a total of 72 hours a week. I’ll also assume the sys­tem spends 50% time idle and 50% full-load.

sys­tem in ques­tion pulls ~80w idle and ~340w under full load. Find­ing effi­cien­cies for this is tricky, so the value will be roun­ded up to 400w (the 电源供应器’s in ques­tion don’t vary greatly between 300w and 400w)

All of these estim­ates are delib­er­ately on the high side. I expect a typ­ic­al PC will spend more time off, more time idle, and wont be loaded as intensely as the example. Most sys­tems also use lower power CPU’s and GPU’s too.

The fig­ure for the gen­er­ic 电源供应器 is based on the min­im­um require­ment and is there­fore a worst case. Even with a very poor effi­ciency 电源供应器 the AC draw from the wall won’t increase as the DC draw decreases. I have cal­cu­lated a best-case yearly sav­ing, based on a kWh charge of 10p.

使 / 模型Effi­ciency at idle (80w ^)Effi­ciency at load (340w ^)东方. A.C. power draw at idle东方. A.C. power draw at loadSav­ing
ATX v2.2 400w65% (at 80w)70% (at 400w)123w ^486w ^
Season­ic X‑40085.4% (at 90.4w)89.9% (at 400w)94w ^378w ^£25.63
Cor­sair AX85083.5% (at 90w)89% (at 400w)96w ^382w ^£24.52
Ener­max Modu87+ 500w85.9% (at 88.5w)87.6% (at 400w)93w ^388w ^£23.87
Cor­sair CX400W81.2% (at 90.2w)81.5% (at 400w)99w ^417w ^£17.43
King­win Lazer Plat­in­um 550W92.1% (at 91.2w)92.9% (at 400w)87w ^366w ^£29.19
HuntKey Jump­er R90 300W 80+ 金88% (at 60w)86% (at 330w)87w ^366w ^£23.17

A new 电源供应器 in this scen­ario is prob­ably not advis­able on a fin­an­cial only basis. Even with quite a lot of heavy use, and com­par­ing the most effi­cient 电源供应器’s with the worst a budget ATX 电源供应器 can per­form the sav­ing will take around 5 years to recoup. A real world upgrade is unlikely to net this much sav­ing.

If you are con­sid­er­ing repla­cing an exist­ing 电源供应器 my advice would be not to both­er, unless you have addi­tion­al reas­ons. If you are buy­ing new then it is worth pay­ing more for a bet­ter 电源供应器, with­in reas­on. Of course if you want the effi­ciency for oth­er reas­ons (low noise, low heat) then those factors may make the value dif­fer­ence irrel­ev­ant.

更新资料 (25-DEC-2011)

Added the HuntKey Jump­er R90. Whilst it is sold as a 300W 电源供应器, it does work slightly above spec, espe­cially if well cooled. This 电源供应器 does make a bit of dif­fer­ent to the con­clu­sions. It pro­duces sav­ings of over £20, which is a sig­ni­fic­ant pro­por­tion of the price of the 电源供应器A pay­back peri­od of 2 年, with an expect­a­tion that elec­tri­city prices will con­tin­ue to rise would cer­tainly be worth think­ing about. How­ever, the HuntKey isn’t spe­cified high enough to really provide for the con­fig­ur­a­tion spe­cified in this scen­ario, and as such we could­n’t recom­mend run­ning it bey­ond its rat­ing.

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