0PC Hardware CPU RAM-UpgradeEinfache Möglichkeiten, Ihren PC schneller zu machen

There are lots of tips and advice out there on the inter­net about how to tweak the per­form­ance of your PC. Some of them have some use­ful tips, but the vast major­ity are of very little use, either because they are for the wrong oper­at­ing sys­tem, oder sie beziehen sich nicht auf das Setup, oder weil sie schlicht und einfach falsch. Wenn jemand bringt mir einen PC und sagt sein zu langsam, bevor ich sie raten, es zu aktualisieren, (und das ist immer eine Option) I have a quick look for sev­er­al things that are the lead­ing cause of slow PC per­form­ance. Über 90% of the time car­ry­ing out the vari­ous steps detailed below res­ults in a sub­stan­tial improve­ment and a happy PC user.


Some of the advice provided is very easy to fol­low. Some requires a little bit more tech­nic­al com­pet­ence. If you’re not sure what you’re doing it’s bet­ter to stop and ask than to mess up your sys­tem even more.

1. Anti-Vir­us / Fire­walls etc.

There is an abund­ance of secur­ity solu­tions out there. Some are bet­ter than oth­ers. The most com­mon ones often come bundled with new PC’s. They may be effect­ive, but in my view the “cure” is almost as bad as the “dis­ease”. Suites von großen Namen (z.B.. Norton, McAfee) take an appaul­ing toll on the per­form­ance of your PC, and come with a yearly renew­al “tax” to boot. The first thing to do is replace them with an excel­lent and free solu­tion with a low impact on sys­tem per­form­ance: Microsoft Security Essentials

  • Down-load secur­ity essen­tials for your ver­sion of Win­dows from Microsoft
  • Unin­stall your pre­vi­ous anti-vir­us suite: Go into con­trol pan­el and then open “add/remove pro­grams” or “pro­grams and fea­tures” (depend­ing on your ver­sion of win­dows). Look for and unin­stall any products related to: Symantec, Norton, McAfee, Sophos, Kasper­sky, AVG, Avast, Bit­De­fend­er, Panda, Trend Micro.
  • Note — Wiki­Pe­dia provides a full list of anti­vir­us soft­ware
  • Install and update Secur­ity Essen­tials

1b. Secur­ity

Whilst we’re updat­ing your anti-vir­us pro­tec­tion it is worth updat­ing vari­ous oth­er pieces of soft­ware to reduce the likely­hood of any nas­ties get­ting onto your PC

2. Check for nas­ties
In my exper­i­ence the large major­ity of typ­ic­al 3+ Jahre alten PCs sind mit irgendeiner Art von fiesen infizieren, even if they have had anti-vir­us soft­ware installed. Before going any fur­ther it is worth check­ing for and elim­in­at­ing any mali­cious pro­grams.

  • Run a full scan with Microsoft Secur­ity Essen­tials and remove any­thing it finds
  • Down-load Das System Ninja and in the pro­cess man­ager tab run the “Mal­Run Des­troy­er” tool
  • If you are still sus­pect there may be mal­ware present, versuchen Sie eine der Verwendung free online vir­us scan­ner (z.B.. House­Call)

3. Remove old soft­ware that you no longer use

If you have old soft­ware that you nev­er used still installed it is worth remov­ing it. It is occupy­ing disk space which causes a small reduc­tion in per­form­ance, and it is also pos­sible that it has ser­vices or start-up util­it­ies that were installed with it that will be run­ning on your sys­tem all the time using resources for no good reas­on!

  • Open con­trol pan­el and then open “add/remove pro­grams” or “pro­grams and fea­tures” (depend­ing on your ver­sion of win­dows).
  • Go thru the list and unin­stall any pro­grams that you are con­fid­ent you no longer need or use

4. Clear disk space and tem­por­ary files

Over time all PC’s build up a col­lec­tion of unnecesary files. Diese langsamen Plattenzugriff, and Win­dows response times. They are easy to clear auto­mat­ic­ally. Das erste, was zu laufen ist eine integrierte Microsoft-Tool, and then to be thor­ough, also down­load and use a free util­ity

  • Klicken Sie auf Start, all pro­grams, accessor­ies, sys­tem tools, Datenträgerbereinigung (oder verwenden Sie Start: run and type clean­m­gr)
  • Wait for the scan to com­plete
  • On Vista and Win­dows 7 click the “Clean up sys­tem files” but­ton on the win­dow that appears
  • Markieren Sie alle Optionen und klicken Sie auf OK
  • Runterladen und installieren CCleaner
  • Runterladen und installieren CCEnhan Krebs
  • Run CCle­an­er
  • Click Ana­lyze
  • Click Run Clean­er
  • Wenn haben Sie nicht bereits, Download Das System Ninja
  • Run Sys­tem Ninja and use the “Junk Scan­ner”

5. Führen Sie einen Disk Defrag

This prob­ably wont do a great deal for per­form­ance over­all, aber wenn Sie viel Speicherplatz mit den Schritten freigegeben 2 oder 3 then it should improve win­dows boot-up time and may make a small dif­fer­ence to respons­ive­ness. Some ver­sions of win­dows carry out sched­uled defrags any­way in which case this wont make any dif­fer­ence, but it cer­tainly can­’t do any harm.

  • Öffnen Sie Start: all pro­grams: accessor­ies: sys­tem tools: Disk defrag­menter
  • Fol­low the instruc­tions

6. Install or update chip­set drivers

Viele PCs I have encountered over the years have used very out­dated, or simply haven’t had any chip­set drivers installed at all. Hav­ing very old chip­set drivers, or rely­ing on the gen­er­ic drivers microsoft builds into win­dows can some­times severely impact per­form­ance.

  • Down-load, installieren und ausführen CPU-mit
  • Select the “main­board” tab
  • Notieren Sie den ersten 2 entries in the line “chip­set”. These will be the man­u­fac­turer and mod­el.
  • If the inform­a­tion isn’t clear or help­ful try using Speccy instead
  • Most chip­sets are man­u­fac­tured by: Intel, Über, sis, AMD / ATi, nVidia, wieder / oder
  • Go to the man­u­fac­tur­ers web­site and find the “down­loads” sec­tion (click­ing on the man­u­fac­turer name above should take you to the cor­rect area)
  • Search for drivers appro­pri­ate for your ver­sion of win­dows for your mod­el of chip­set
  • Down­load and install drivers if you loc­ate them.
  • Restart win­dows

7. Installieren oder Video-Treiber aktualisieren

This is unlikely to make much dif­fer­ence to gen­er­al win­dows per­form­ance, but it could make a large dif­fer­ence to some applic­a­tions, espe­cially games.

  • Wenn haben Sie nicht bereits, Download, installieren und ausführen CPU-mit
  • Select the “Graph­ics” tab
  • Try to identi­fy the man­u­fac­turer and the mod­el name of your graph­ics chip from the name box, CPU-Z will prob­ably dis­play a logo with the man­u­fac­turer name on.
  • If the inform­a­tion isn’t clear or help­ful try using Speccy oder GPU-mit instead
  • The man­u­fac­turer is likely to be one of the fol­low­ing: Intel, nVidia, AMD / ATi / Radeon, Über, Matrox, SiS
  • Go to the man­u­fac­tur­ers web­site and find the “down­loads” sec­tion (click­ing on the man­u­fac­turer name above should take you to the cor­rect area)
  • Search for drivers appro­pri­ate for your ver­sion of win­dows for your mod­el of graph­ics card
  • Down­load and install drivers if you loc­ate them.
  • Restart win­dows

8. A hard­ware issue…

Your PC needs good air­flow to keep cool. Whilst mod­ern PCs are unlikely to crash from over­heat­ing, they instead suf­fer severe per­form­ance degrad­a­tion. Die CPU will detect that it is get­ting to hot and will decrease its speed to keep cool. This is an issue that I have very fre­quently encountered with laptops. Desktop- PCs weit weniger anfällig, but many still suf­fer.

  • Wenn Sie einen Desktop-PC, den Fall nehmen ab (unless it is still in war­ranty in which case skip this tip!) and check for dust or fluff in the large met­al heat­sink. Also check for dust or fluff inside the case in gen­er­al. If there is much present I recom­mend dis­con­nect­ing the wires, mov­ing the PC to the open air and care­fully using a vacu­um clean­er (or even bet­ter an air dust­er / com­pressed air) to remove as much of the dust as pos­sible.
  • If you have a laptop or port­able care­fully check the vents in the bot­tom, side and rear of the cas­ing. With some laptops it may also be pos­sible to remove the part of the cas­ing over the area. Care­fully remove any dust or fluff. If there is sub­stan­tial fluff block­ing the vents that you can­’t remove try using an air dust­er. If this fails con­sider tak­ing your laptop to a loc­al expert.

9. Star­tup pro­grams: the most dif­fi­cult, but most effect­ive…

This is the largest and most com­plic­ated part of any PC clean-up pro­ced­ure and as such I have giv­en it a ded­ic­ated post. (com­ing soon!).  In der Zwischenzeit, use the Star­tup Man­ager included with Das System Ninja

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