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0PC Hardware Upgrade CPU RAMПростые способы, чтобы сделать ваш компьютер быстрее

There are lots of tips and advice out there on the internet about how to tweak the performance of your PC. Some of them have some useful tips, but the vast majority are of very little use, either because they are for the wrong operating system, или они не относятся к вашей установке, или потому, что они просто неправильно. Когда кто-то приносит ПК ко мне и говорит, что его слишком медленно, прежде чем я советую им обновить его (и это всегда вариант) I have a quick look for several things that are the leading cause of slow PC performance. Над 90% of the time carrying out the various steps detailed below results in a substantial improvement and a happy PC user.


Some of the advice provided is very easy to follow. Some requires a little bit more technical competence. If you’re not sure what you’re doing it’s better to stop and ask than to mess up your system even more.

1. Anti-Virus / Firewalls etc.

There is an abundance of security solutions out there. Some are better than others. The most common ones often come bundled with new PC’s. They may be effective, but in my view thecureis almost as bad as thedisease”. Suites by big names (например. Norton, McAfee) take an appauling toll on the performance of your PC, and come with a yearly renewaltaxto boot. The first thing to do is replace them with an excellent and free solution with a low impact on system performance: Microsoft Security Essentials

  • Скачать Основы безопасности for your version of Windows from Microsoft
  • Uninstall your previous anti-virus suite: Go into control panel and then openadd/remove programs” или “программы и компоненты” (depending on your version of windows). Look for and uninstall any products related to: Symantec, Norton, McAfee, Sophos, Kaspersky, AVG, Avast, BitDefender, Panda, Trend Micro.
  • Примечание – WikiPedia provides a full list of antivirus software
  • Install and update Security Essentials

1б. Security

Whilst we’re updating your anti-virus protection it is worth updating various other pieces of software to reduce the likelyhood of any nasties getting onto your PC

2. Check for nasties
In my experience the large majority of typical 3+ year old PC’s are infect with some kind of nasty, even if they have had anti-virus software installed. Before going any further it is worth checking for and eliminating any malicious programs.

  • Run a full scan with Microsoft Security Essentials and remove anything it finds
  • Скачать System Ninja and in the process manager tab run theMalRun Destroyer” инструмент
  • If you are still suspect there may be malware present, try using one of the free online virus scanner (например. HouseCall)

3. Remove old software that you no longer use

If you have old software that you never used still installed it is worth removing it. It is occupying disk space which causes a small reduction in performance, and it is also possible that it has services or start-up utilities that were installed with it that will be running on your system all the time using resources for no good reason!

  • Open control panel and then openadd/remove programs” или “программы и компоненты” (depending on your version of windows).
  • Go thru the list and uninstall any programs that you are confident you no longer need or use

4. Clear disk space and temporary files

Over time all PC’s build up a collection of unnecesary files. These slow disk access, and Windows response times. They are easy to clear automatically. The first thing to run is a built-in Microsoft tool, and then to be thorough, also download and use a free utility

  • Нажмите на старте, all programs, accessories, system tools, disk cleanup (or use start: run and type cleanmgr)
  • Wait for the scan to complete
  • On Vista and Windows 7 click theClean up system filesbutton on the window that appears
  • Tick all the options and click OK
  • Загрузить и установить CCleaner
  • Загрузить и установить CCEnhancer
  • Run CCleaner
  • Click Analyze
  • Click Run Cleaner
  • If you haven’t already, скачать System Ninja
  • Run System Ninja and use theJunk Scanner

5. Run a disk defrag

This probably wont do a great deal for performance overall, but if you freed up much disk space with steps 2 или 3 then it should improve windows boot-up time and may make a small difference to responsiveness. Some versions of windows carry out scheduled defrags anyway in which case this wont make any difference, but it certainly can’t do any harm.

  • Open start: all programs: accessories: system tools: Disk defragmenter
  • Follow the instructions

6. Install or update chipset drivers

Many ПК I have encountered over the years have used very outdated, or simply haven’t had any chipset drivers installed at all. Having very old chipset drivers, or relying on the generic drivers microsoft builds into windows can sometimes severely impact performance.

  • Скачать, install and run Процессор
  • Выберите “mainboard” таб
  • Make a note of the first 2 entries in the line “Чипсет”. These will be the manufacturer and model.
  • If the information isn’t clear or helpful try using Speccy instead
  • Most chipsets are manufactured by: Intel, Via, Sis, AMD / ATi, NVIDIA, ULi / ALi
  • Go to the manufacturers website and find the “загрузок” раздел (clicking on the manufacturer name above should take you to the correct area)
  • Search for drivers appropriate for your version of windows for your model of chipset
  • Download and install drivers if you locate them.
  • Restart windows

7. Install or update video drivers

This is unlikely to make much difference to general windows performance, but it could make a large difference to some applications, especially games.

  • If you haven’t already, скачать, install and run Процессор
  • Выберите “Graphics” таб
  • Try to identify the manufacturer and the model name of your graphics chip from the name box, Процессор-Z will probably display a logo with the manufacturer name on.
  • If the information isn’t clear or helpful try using Speccy или GPU instead
  • The manufacturer is likely to be one of the following: Intel, NVIDIA, AMD / ATi / Radeon, Via, Matrox, SiS
  • Go to the manufacturers website and find the “загрузок” раздел (clicking on the manufacturer name above should take you to the correct area)
  • Search for drivers appropriate for your version of windows for your model of graphics card
  • Download and install drivers if you locate them.
  • Restart windows

8. A hardware issue

Your PC needs good airflow to keep cool. Whilst modern ПК are unlikely to crash from overheating, they instead suffer severe performance degradation. В Процессор will detect that it is getting to hot and will decrease its speed to keep cool. This is an issue that I have very frequently encountered with laptops. Desktop ПК are far less prone, but many still suffer.

  • If you have a desktop PC take the case off (unless it is still in warranty in which case skip this tip!) and check for dust or fluff in the large metal heatsink. Also check for dust or fluff inside the case in general. If there is much present I recommend disconnecting the wires, moving the PC to the open air and carefully using a vacuum cleaner (or even better an air duster / compressed air) to remove as much of the dust as possible.
  • If you have a laptop or portable carefully check the vents in the bottom, side and rear of the casing. With some laptops it may also be possible to remove the part of the casing over the area. Carefully remove any dust or fluff. If there is substantial fluff blocking the vents that you can’t remove try using an air duster. If this fails consider taking your laptop to a local expert.

9. Startup programs: the most difficult, but most effective

This is the largest and most complicated part of any PC clean-up procedure and as such I have given it a dedicated post. (coming soon!). В это время, use the Startup Manager included with System Ninja

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