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0PC Hardware Upgrade CPU RAMПростые способы, чтобы сделать ваш компьютер быстрее

Есть много советов и советов там в Интернете о том, как настроить производительность вашего ПК. Некоторые из них имеют несколько полезных советов, но подавляющее большинство из них очень мало пользы, либо потому, что они предназначены для той операционной системы, или они не относятся к вашей установке, или потому, что они просто неправильно. Когда кто-то приносит ПК ко мне и говорит, что его слишком медленно, прежде чем я советую им обновить его (и это всегда вариант) У меня быстрый взгляд на несколько вещей, которые являются основной причиной медленной работы компьютера. Над 90% время проведения различных этапов, подробно описанных ниже приводит к существенному улучшению и счастливого пользователя ПКА.


Some of the advice provided is very easy to fol­low. Some requires a little bit more tech­nic­al com­pet­ence. If you’re not sure what you’re doing it’s bet­ter to stop and ask than to mess up your sys­tem even more.

1. Anti-Vir­us / Fire­walls etc.

There is an abund­ance of secur­ity solu­tions out there. Some are bet­ter than oth­ers. The most com­mon ones often come bundled with new PC’s. They may be effect­ive, but in my view the “cure” is almost as bad as the “dis­ease”. Suites by big names (например. Norton, McAfee) take an appaul­ing toll on the per­form­ance of your PC, and come with a yearly renew­al “tax” to boot. The first thing to do is replace them with an excel­lent and free solu­tion with a low impact on sys­tem per­form­ance: Microsoft Security Essentials

  • Вниз нагрузки secur­ity essen­tials for your ver­sion of Win­dows from Microsoft
  • Unin­stall your pre­vi­ous anti-vir­us suite: Go into con­trol pan­el and then open “add/remove pro­grams” or “pro­grams and fea­tures” (depend­ing on your ver­sion of win­dows). Look for and unin­stall any products related to: Symantec, Norton, McAfee, Sophos, Kasper­sky, AVG, Avast, Bit­De­fend­er, Panda, Trend Micro.
  • Note — Wiki­Pe­dia provides a full list of anti­vir­us soft­ware
  • Install and update Secur­ity Essen­tials

1б. Secur­ity

Whilst we’re updat­ing your anti-vir­us pro­tec­tion it is worth updat­ing vari­ous oth­er pieces of soft­ware to reduce the likely­hood of any nas­ties get­ting onto your PC

2. Check for nas­ties
In my exper­i­ence the large major­ity of typ­ic­al 3+ year old PC’s are infect with some kind of nasty, even if they have had anti-vir­us soft­ware installed. Before going any fur­ther it is worth check­ing for and elim­in­at­ing any mali­cious pro­grams.

  • Run a full scan with Microsoft Secur­ity Essen­tials and remove any­thing it finds
  • Вниз нагрузки Система ниндзя and in the pro­cess man­ager tab run the “Mal­Run Des­troy­er” tool
  • If you are still sus­pect there may be mal­ware present, try using one of the free online vir­us scan­ner (например. House­Call)

3. Remove old soft­ware that you no longer use

If you have old soft­ware that you nev­er used still installed it is worth remov­ing it. It is occupy­ing disk space which causes a small reduc­tion in per­form­ance, and it is also pos­sible that it has ser­vices or start-up util­it­ies that were installed with it that will be run­ning on your sys­tem all the time using resources for no good reas­on!

  • Open con­trol pan­el and then open “add/remove pro­grams” or “pro­grams and fea­tures” (depend­ing on your ver­sion of win­dows).
  • Go thru the list and unin­stall any pro­grams that you are con­fid­ent you no longer need or use

4. Clear disk space and tem­por­ary files

Over time all PC’s build up a col­lec­tion of unnecesary files. These slow disk access, and Win­dows response times. They are easy to clear auto­mat­ic­ally. The first thing to run is a built-in Microsoft tool, and then to be thor­ough, also down­load and use a free util­ity

  • Нажмите на старте, all pro­grams, accessor­ies, sys­tem tools, disk cleanup (or use start: run and type clean­m­gr)
  • Wait for the scan to com­plete
  • On Vista and Win­dows 7 click the “Clean up sys­tem files” but­ton on the win­dow that appears
  • Tick all the options and click OK
  • Вниз нагрузки и установить CCleaner
  • Вниз нагрузки и установить CCEnhan-CER
  • Run CCle­an­er
  • Click Ana­lyze
  • Click Run Clean­er
  • If you haven’t already, скачать Система ниндзя
  • Run Sys­tem Ninja and use the “Junk Scan­ner”

5. Run a disk defrag

This prob­ably wont do a great deal for per­form­ance over­all, but if you freed up much disk space with steps 2 или 3 then it should improve win­dows boot-up time and may make a small dif­fer­ence to respons­ive­ness. Some ver­sions of win­dows carry out sched­uled defrags any­way in which case this wont make any dif­fer­ence, but it cer­tainly can­’t do any harm.

  • Open start: all pro­grams: accessor­ies: sys­tem tools: Disk defrag­menter
  • Fol­low the instruc­tions

6. Install or update chip­set drivers

Many ПК I have encountered over the years have used very out­dated, or simply haven’t had any chip­set drivers installed at all. Hav­ing very old chip­set drivers, or rely­ing on the gen­er­ic drivers microsoft builds into win­dows can some­times severely impact per­form­ance.

  • Вниз нагрузки, install and run Процессор
  • Select the “main­board” tab
  • Make a note of the first 2 entries in the line “chip­set”. These will be the man­u­fac­turer and mod­el.
  • If the inform­a­tion isn’t clear or help­ful try using Speccy instead
  • Most chip­sets are man­u­fac­tured by: Intel, Via, Sis, AMD / ATi, NVIDIA, ULi / ALi
  • Go to the man­u­fac­tur­ers web­site and find the “down­loads” sec­tion (click­ing on the man­u­fac­turer name above should take you to the cor­rect area)
  • Search for drivers appro­pri­ate for your ver­sion of win­dows for your mod­el of chip­set
  • Down­load and install drivers if you loc­ate them.
  • Restart win­dows

7. Install or update video drivers

This is unlikely to make much dif­fer­ence to gen­er­al win­dows per­form­ance, but it could make a large dif­fer­ence to some applic­a­tions, espe­cially games.

  • If you haven’t already, скачать, install and run Процессор
  • Select the “Graph­ics” tab
  • Try to identi­fy the man­u­fac­turer and the mod­el name of your graph­ics chip from the name box, Процессор-Z will prob­ably dis­play a logo with the man­u­fac­turer name on.
  • If the inform­a­tion isn’t clear or help­ful try using Speccy или GPU instead
  • The man­u­fac­turer is likely to be one of the fol­low­ing: Intel, NVIDIA, AMD / ATi / Radeon, Via, Matrox, SiS
  • Go to the man­u­fac­tur­ers web­site and find the “down­loads” sec­tion (click­ing on the man­u­fac­turer name above should take you to the cor­rect area)
  • Search for drivers appro­pri­ate for your ver­sion of win­dows for your mod­el of graph­ics card
  • Down­load and install drivers if you loc­ate them.
  • Restart win­dows

8. A hard­ware issue…

Your PC needs good air­flow to keep cool. Whilst mod­ern ПК are unlikely to crash from over­heat­ing, they instead suf­fer severe per­form­ance degrad­a­tion. The Процессор will detect that it is get­ting to hot and will decrease its speed to keep cool. This is an issue that I have very fre­quently encountered with laptops. Desktop ПК are far less prone, but many still suf­fer.

  • If you have a desktop PC take the case off (unless it is still in war­ranty in which case skip this tip!) and check for dust or fluff in the large met­al heat­sink. Also check for dust or fluff inside the case in gen­er­al. If there is much present I recom­mend dis­con­nect­ing the wires, mov­ing the PC to the open air and care­fully using a vacu­um clean­er (or even bet­ter an air dust­er / com­pressed air) to remove as much of the dust as pos­sible.
  • If you have a laptop or port­able care­fully check the vents in the bot­tom, side and rear of the cas­ing. With some laptops it may also be pos­sible to remove the part of the cas­ing over the area. Care­fully remove any dust or fluff. If there is sub­stan­tial fluff block­ing the vents that you can­’t remove try using an air dust­er. If this fails con­sider tak­ing your laptop to a loc­al expert.

9. Star­tup pro­grams: the most dif­fi­cult, but most effect­ive…

This is the largest and most com­plic­ated part of any PC clean-up pro­ced­ure and as such I have giv­en it a ded­ic­ated post. (com­ing soon!).  В то же время, use the Star­tup Man­ager included with Система ниндзя

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