0PC de actualización de hardware CPU RAMFormas sencillas para hacer que su PC mucho más rápido

Hay un montón de consejos y recomendaciones que hay en internet sobre cómo ajustar el rendimiento de su PC. Algunos de ellos tienen algunos consejos útiles, pero la gran mayoría son de muy poco uso, ya sea porque son para el sistema operativo equivocado, o que no se aplican a la configuración de su, o porque son simplemente mal. Cuando alguien trae un PC y me dice que es demasiado lento, antes de que yo les aconsejo que actualizarlo (y eso es siempre una opción) Tengo una mirada rápida para varias cosas que son la causa principal de rendimiento del equipo lento. Encima 90% del tiempo la realización de los distintos pasos que se detallan a continuación los resultados en una mejora sustancial y un feliz usuario de PC.


Some of the advice provided is very easy to fol­low. Some requires a little bit more tech­nic­al com­pet­ence. If you’re not sure what you’re doing it’s bet­ter to stop and ask than to mess up your sys­tem even more.

1. Anti-Vir­us / Fire­walls etc.

There is an abund­ance of secur­ity solu­tions out there. Some are bet­ter than oth­ers. The most com­mon ones often come bundled with new PC’s. They may be effect­ive, but in my view the “cure” is almost as bad as the “dis­ease”. Suites by grandes nombres (e.g. Norton, McAfee) take an appaul­ing toll on the per­form­ance of your PC, and come with a yearly renew­al “tax” to boot. The first thing to do is replace them with an excel­lent and free solu­tion with a low impact on sys­tem per­form­ance: Microsoft Security Essentials

  • Down-carga secur­ity essen­tials for your ver­sion of Win­dows from Microsoft
  • Unin­stall your pre­vi­ous anti-vir­us suite: Go into con­trol pan­el and then open “add/remove pro­grams” or “pro­grams and fea­tures” (depend­ing on your ver­sion of win­dows). Look for and unin­stall any products related to: Symantec, Norton, McAfee, Sophos, Kasper­sky, AVG, avast, Bit­De­fend­er, Panda, Trend Micro.
  • Note — Wiki­Pe­dia provides a full list of anti­vir­us soft­ware
  • Install and update Secur­ity Essen­tials

1si. Secur­ity

Whilst we’re updat­ing your anti-vir­us pro­tec­tion it is worth updat­ing vari­ous oth­er pieces of soft­ware to reduce the likely­hood of any nas­ties get­ting onto your PC

2. Check for nas­ties
In my exper­i­ence the large major­ity of typ­ic­al 3+ años de edad PC se infecta con algún tipo de desagradable, even if they have had anti-vir­us soft­ware installed. Before going any fur­ther it is worth check­ing for and elim­in­at­ing any mali­cious pro­grams.

  • Run a full scan with Microsoft Secur­ity Essen­tials and remove any­thing it finds
  • Down-carga El sistema de Ninja and in the pro­cess man­ager tab run the “Mal­Run Des­troy­er” tool
  • If you are still sus­pect there may be mal­ware present, trate de usar una de las free online vir­us scan­ner (e.g. House­Call)

3. Remove old soft­ware that you no longer use

If you have old soft­ware that you nev­er used still installed it is worth remov­ing it. It is occupy­ing disk space which causes a small reduc­tion in per­form­ance, and it is also pos­sible that it has ser­vices or start-up util­it­ies that were installed with it that will be run­ning on your sys­tem all the time using resources for no good reas­on!

  • Open con­trol pan­el and then open “add/remove pro­grams” or “pro­grams and fea­tures” (depend­ing on your ver­sion of win­dows).
  • Go thru the list and unin­stall any pro­grams that you are con­fid­ent you no longer need or use

4. Clear disk space and tem­por­ary files

Over time all PC’s build up a col­lec­tion of unnecesary files. Estos lento el acceso a disco, and Win­dows response times. They are easy to clear auto­mat­ic­ally. La primera cosa a ejecutar es una herramienta integrada de Microsoft, and then to be thor­ough, also down­load and use a free util­ity

  • Haga clic en inicio, all pro­grams, accessor­ies, sys­tem tools, limpieza de disco (o usar el inicio: run and type clean­m­gr)
  • Wait for the scan to com­plete
  • On Vista and Win­dows 7 click the “Clean up sys­tem files” but­ton on the win­dow that appears
  • Marque todas las opciones y haga clic en OK
  • Down-carga e instalar CCleaner
  • Down-carga e instalar CCEnhan-cer
  • Run CCle­an­er
  • Click Ana­lyze
  • Click Run Clean­er
  • Si no lo ha hecho, descargar El sistema de Ninja
  • Run Sys­tem Ninja and use the “Junk Scan­ner”

5. Ejecutar una desfragmentación de disco

This prob­ably wont do a great deal for per­form­ance over­all, pero si liberado espacio en disco tanto con los pasos 2 o 3 then it should improve win­dows boot-up time and may make a small dif­fer­ence to respons­ive­ness. Some ver­sions of win­dows carry out sched­uled defrags any­way in which case this wont make any dif­fer­ence, but it cer­tainly can­’t do any harm.

  • inicio abierta: all pro­grams: accessor­ies: sys­tem tools: Disk defrag­menter
  • Fol­low the instruc­tions

6. Install or update chip­set drivers

Muchos PCs I have encountered over the years have used very out­dated, or simply haven’t had any chip­set drivers installed at all. Hav­ing very old chip­set drivers, or rely­ing on the gen­er­ic drivers microsoft builds into win­dows can some­times severely impact per­form­ance.

  • Down-carga, instalar y ejecutar CPU-con
  • Select the “main­board” tab
  • Hacer una nota de la primera 2 entries in the line “chip­set”. These will be the man­u­fac­turer and mod­el.
  • If the inform­a­tion isn’t clear or help­ful try using Speccy en lugar
  • Most chip­sets are man­u­fac­tured by: Intel, Vía, sis, AMD / ATi, nVidia, de nuevo / o
  • Go to the man­u­fac­tur­ers web­site and find the “down­loads” sec­tion (click­ing on the man­u­fac­turer name above should take you to the cor­rect area)
  • Search for drivers appro­pri­ate for your ver­sion of win­dows for your mod­el of chip­set
  • Down­load and install drivers if you loc­ate them.
  • Restart win­dows

7. Instalar o actualizar los controladores de vídeo

This is unlikely to make much dif­fer­ence to gen­er­al win­dows per­form­ance, but it could make a large dif­fer­ence to some applic­a­tions, espe­cially games.

  • Si no lo ha hecho, descargar, instalar y ejecutar CPU-con
  • Select the “Graph­ics” tab
  • Try to identi­fy the man­u­fac­turer and the mod­el name of your graph­ics chip from the name box, CPU-Z will prob­ably dis­play a logo with the man­u­fac­turer name on.
  • If the inform­a­tion isn’t clear or help­ful try using Speccy o GPU-con en lugar
  • The man­u­fac­turer is likely to be one of the fol­low­ing: Intel, nVidia, AMD / ATi / radeon, Vía, Matrox, SiS
  • Go to the man­u­fac­tur­ers web­site and find the “down­loads” sec­tion (click­ing on the man­u­fac­turer name above should take you to the cor­rect area)
  • Search for drivers appro­pri­ate for your ver­sion of win­dows for your mod­el of graph­ics card
  • Down­load and install drivers if you loc­ate them.
  • Restart win­dows

8. A hard­ware issue…

Your PC needs good air­flow to keep cool. Whilst mod­ern PCs are unlikely to crash from over­heat­ing, they instead suf­fer severe per­form­ance degrad­a­tion. los CPU will detect that it is get­ting to hot and will decrease its speed to keep cool. This is an issue that I have very fre­quently encountered with laptops. Escritorio PCs son mucho menos propensos, but many still suf­fer.

  • Si usted tiene una PC de escritorio quitan el caso (unless it is still in war­ranty in which case skip this tip!) and check for dust or fluff in the large met­al heat­sink. Also check for dust or fluff inside the case in gen­er­al. If there is much present I recom­mend dis­con­nect­ing the wires, mov­ing the PC to the open air and care­fully using a vacu­um clean­er (or even bet­ter an air dust­er / com­pressed air) to remove as much of the dust as pos­sible.
  • If you have a laptop or port­able care­fully check the vents in the bot­tom, side and rear of the cas­ing. With some laptops it may also be pos­sible to remove the part of the cas­ing over the area. Care­fully remove any dust or fluff. If there is sub­stan­tial fluff block­ing the vents that you can­’t remove try using an air dust­er. If this fails con­sider tak­ing your laptop to a loc­al expert.

9. Star­tup pro­grams: the most dif­fi­cult, but most effect­ive…

This is the largest and most com­plic­ated part of any PC clean-up pro­ced­ure and as such I have giv­en it a ded­ic­ated post. (com­ing soon!).  En el tiempo medio, use the Star­tup Man­ager included with El sistema de Ninja

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