DIY मीडिया होम लोगो

अपनी खुद की होम थिएटर और हाय-Fi सेटअप डिजाइन और बनाने के लिए परम साइट.

0स्पैम से भरा टिनएसपीएफ़ के साथ स्पैम कम करने के लिए कैसे, DKIM & DMARC

जब से मैं विभिन्न वेबसाइटों पर संपर्क प्रपत्र की स्थापना मैं स्पैम का एक धीरे-धीरे बढ़ती मात्रा लिया है। नहीं प्रत्यक्ष स्पैम मुझे भेजी गई, लेकिन न के बराबर पतों spamme किया जा रहा थे से बाउंस, appar­ently from my address. Unfor­tu­nately the spam was­n’t ori­gin­at­ing from my address, लेकिन मेरा पता किसी न किसी तरह उठाया गया था (शायद मैं इस साइट पर संपर्क रूपों सुरक्षित पहले से) and was being used as the “reply to” address. After some invest­ig­a­tion I heard about SPF which is an e‑mail anti-for­gery system.

अगर मैं अपने डोमेन नाम पर एक एसपीएफ़ रिकॉर्ड बनाया (which I use as my primary e‑mail) then mail serv­ers that sup­port SPF will check that any e‑mail they receive with my address as the “from” or “reply to” address did actu­ally come from my mail serv­er. If it did­n’t the serv­er will clearly identi­fy the mail as spam and will dis­card it without send­ing me an annoy­ing bounce mes­sage. DKIM is sim­il­ar and effect­ively aims to achieve the same thing. Finally, DMARC is a new sys­tem which stand­ard­ises the beha­viour of both SPF and DKIM and also gen­er­ates reports of any e‑mails which are not delivered instead of you get­ting bounce mes­sages. No sys­tem is per­fect but DMARC (and there­fore DKIM and SPF) are sup­por­ted by Yahoo, एओएल, माइक्रोसॉफ्ट, Face­book and Google. Between them they account for a large pro­por­tion of the e‑mail “mar­ket” so to speak.

कैसे विस्थापित करने के लिए डीएनएस provider to Amazon Route 53

आप एक जरूरत जा रहे हैं डीएनएस pro­vider (in most cases your regis­trar) that sup­ports SPF, DKIM and DMARC records. Mine (123-reg) does­n’t sup­port DKIM so I decided I would have to look to move. How­ever, मैं अतीत के लिए 123-reg के साथ बहुत खुश किया गया है 9 years and mov­ing to a new regis­trar did­n’t appeal. Instead I decided to simply move my डीएनएस serv­ers to a dif­fer­ent डीएनएस pro­vider. Amazon provide a डीएनएस ser­vice as one of their web ser­vices called “Route 53”. Whilst this isn’t free it is based on a “pay for what you use” mod­el, and I anti­cip­ate it cost­ing me under £10 a year. As an added bonus Amazon’s डीएनएस ser­vice is much faster than that of a typ­ic­al regis­trar and so will speed up site access times.

  1. Sign up for Amazon web ser­vicesYou will have to provide a cred­it card, and veri­fy your ID — in my case I did this by auto­mated phone call which took under 1 मिनट
  2. करने के लिए लॉग इन करें AWS Man­age­ment Console
  3. Click on the link in the AWS con­sole to open the मार्ग 53 कंसोल
  4. Cre­ate a “hos­ted zone” for your domain
  5. Go to the record sets of the hos­ted zone
  6. In a new win­dow (या टैब) log in to your cur­rent regis­trar and have a look at your exist­ing डीएनएस अभिलेख.
  7. Switch back to Route 53
  8. Cre­ate any डीएनएस प्रविष्टियों आप की जरूरत है, prob­ably by duplic­at­ing what you see in your cur­rent set­tings with your registrar
  9. का एक नोट बनाएँ 4 name serv­ers (टाइप एन एस)
  10. Switch back to your regis­trar’s con­trol pan­el / con­sole and change your name serv­ers to the 4 आप में से एक नोट बनाया #6.

This should com­plete the basic डीएनएस migra­tion from your regis­trar to Amazon Route 53. It might take up to 48 hours to fully propag­ate through the डीएनएस sys­tem but I found it was almost instant for me. As long as you cre­ated all the records you need (prob­ably by duplic­at­ing what you had set up pre­vi­ously on your regis­trar) you should­n’t see any inter­rup­tion of service.

एसपीएफ की स्थापना, DKI रूट पर dmarney करने के लिए 53 for Google Apps e‑mail

I man­age my e‑mail through Google Apps. Set­ting up e‑mail authen­tic­a­tion on Google apps is fairly straightforward.

  1. सुनिश्चित करें कि आप मार्ग में लॉग इन किया है 53, and open the hos­ted zone for the domain you wish to cre­ate records for
  2. You will cre­ate 4 records — 2 एसपीएफ़, 1 DKI 1 DMARC. 1 SPF record will be a spe­cial “SPF” type of record, the oth­er 3 प्रकार सभी TXT रिकॉर्ड हो जाएगा
  3. Both SPF records will con­tain the text “v=spf1 ‑all”, includ­ing the ” marks. Remem­ber to set one as type TXT and one as type SPF
  4. The DMARC record will have the value “v=DMARC1; पी = संगरोध; पीसीटी = 100; रुआ =", and will have the name _dmarc. Make sure you change to the address you want DMARC reports sent to. You can also change some of the prop­er­ties, वहां एक है गूगल द्वारा मार्गदर्शन which will help you decide what prop­er­ties you wish to use.
  5. अंत में, the DKIM record is the most com­plic­ated and requires some inform­a­tion from google which is spe­cif­ic to your domain…
  6. Log in to your google domain admin­is­trat­or pan­el atप्राथमिक-डोमेन नाम — remem­ber to change प्राथमिक-डोमेन नाम अपने डोमेन नाम के लिए
  7. Click on “advanced tools” and scroll down to the bot­tom, and click on “Set up email authen­tic­a­tion (DKIM)"
  8. Make sure the cor­rect domain is selec­ted in the pull-down box (you prob­ably only have 1 डोमेन) and click on “gen­er­ate new record”
  9. Enter a pre­fix if you want one — I just used “google” and click generate
  10. In the box that dis­plays there is the record you need to enter at your regis­trar along with the hostname
  11. TXT रिकॉर्ड मूल्य कॉपी और का एक नोट बनाने डीएनएस होस्ट नाम
  12. Switch back to Route 53
  13. Cre­ate the final (4वें) new record — give it the name of the डीएनएस Host Name you made a note of. Give it the value you copied from the TXT record value — remem­ber to put the value inside “” marks
  14. Wait a few minutes and then click “Start Authen­tic­a­tion”. If suc­cess­ful you’ll see “Status: Authen­tic­at­ing email"
  15. आप अप करने के लिए इंतजार करना पड़ सकता 24 के लिए घंटों डीएनएस to propag­ate so that you can start authen­tic­a­tion, but gen­er­ally it should hap­pen pretty quickly

For anoth­er take on this pro­cess I recom­mend 2 art­icles by Chris­toph­er Maish — the first on एसपीएफ और DKI, पर दूसरी DMARC.  सौभाग्य!

अपना खुद का कुछ विचारों को समझे? खुद टिप्पणी से नीचे लिप्त! आप सदस्यता के लिए चाहते हैं, तो ऊपर दाईं ओर मेनू पर लिंक का उपयोग करें सदस्यता लें. आप नीचे दिए गए सामाजिक लिंक का उपयोग करके अपने दोस्तों के साथ इस साझा कर सकते हैं. चियर्स.

उत्तर छोड़ दें