0سپیم کی مکمل ٹنSPF کے ساتھ سپیم کو کم کرنے کے لئے کس طرح, DKIM & DMARC

Since I set up con­tact forms on vari­ous web­sites I’ve had a slowly increas­ing volume of spam. Not dir­ect spam sent to me, but bounces from non-exist­ent addresses that were being spamme, appar­ently from my address. Unfor­tu­nately the spam was­n’t ori­gin­at­ing from my address, but my address was some­how picked up (prob­ably from before I secured the con­tact forms on the site) and was being used as the “reply to” address. After some invest­ig­a­tion I heard about SPF which is an e‑mail anti-for­gery sys­tem.

میں نے اپنا ڈومین نام پر SPF ریکارڈ قائم کئے ہیں (which I use as my primary e‑mail) then mail serv­ers that sup­port SPF will check that any e‑mail they receive with my address as the “from” or “reply to” address did actu­ally come from my mail serv­er. If it did­n’t the serv­er will clearly identi­fy the mail as spam and will dis­card it without send­ing me an annoy­ing bounce mes­sage. DKIM is sim­il­ar and effect­ively aims to achieve the same thing. Finally, DMARC is a new sys­tem which stand­ard­ises the beha­viour of both SPF and DKIM and also gen­er­ates reports of any e‑mails which are not delivered instead of you get­ting bounce mes­sages. No sys­tem is per­fect but DMARC (and there­fore DKIM and SPF) are sup­por­ted by Yahoo, AOL, مائیکروسافٹ, Face­book and Google. Between them they account for a large pro­por­tion of the e‑mail “mar­ket” so to speak.

ہجرت کے لئے کس طرح DNS ایمیزون روٹ کرنے فراہم 53

آپ کو ایک کی ضرورت کے لئے جا رہے DNS pro­vider (in most cases your regis­trar) that sup­ports SPF, Dki میں ریکارڈز dmarney کرنے. مائن (123-REG) does­n’t sup­port DKIM so I decided I would have to look to move. How­ever, میں نے ماضی کے لئے 123-REG کے ساتھ بہت خوش کیا گیا ہے 9 years and mov­ing to a new regis­trar did­n’t appeal. Instead I decided to simply move my DNS serv­ers to a dif­fer­ent DNS pro­vider. Amazon provide a DNS ser­vice as one of their web ser­vices called “Route 53”. Whilst this isn’t free it is based on a “pay for what you use” mod­el, and I anti­cip­ate it cost­ing me under £10 a year. As an added bonus Amazon’s DNS ser­vice is much faster than that of a typ­ic­al regis­trar and so will speed up site access times.

  1. Sign up for Amazon web ser­vicesYou will have to provide a cred­it card, and veri­fy your ID — in my case I did this by auto­mated phone call which took under 1 منٹ
  2. لاگ ان کریں AWS Man­age­ment Con­sole
  3. Click on the link in the AWS con­sole to open the روٹ 53 con­sole
  4. Cre­ate a “hos­ted zone” for your domain
  5. Go to the record sets of the hos­ted zone
  6. In a new win­dow (یا ٹیب) log in to your cur­rent regis­trar and have a look at your exist­ing DNS ریکارڈز.
  7. روٹ پر واپس سوئچ کریں 53
  8. Cre­ate any DNS اندراجات آپ کی ضرورت ہے, prob­ably by duplic­at­ing what you see in your cur­rent set­tings with your regis­trar
  9. کا ایک نوٹ بنائیں 4 name serv­ers (ٹائپ NS)
  10. Switch back to your regis­trar’s con­trol pan­el / con­sole and change your name serv­ers to the 4 تم میں کا ایک نوٹ بنا دیا #6.

This should com­plete the basic DNS migra­tion from your regis­trar to Amazon Route 53. It might take up to 48 hours to fully propag­ate through the DNS sys­tem but I found it was almost instant for me. As long as you cre­ated all the records you need (prob­ably by duplic­at­ing what you had set up pre­vi­ously on your regis­trar) you should­n’t see any inter­rup­tion of ser­vice.

SPF انسٹالیشن, Dki کی روٹ پر dmarney کرنے 53 for Google Apps e‑mail

I man­age my e‑mail through Google Apps. Set­ting up e‑mail authen­tic­a­tion on Google apps is fairly straight­for­ward.

  1. یقین ہے کہ آپ کے روٹ میں لاگ مکمل کر چکا ہے 53, and open the hos­ted zone for the domain you wish to cre­ate records for
  2. You will cre­ate 4 records — 2 SPF, 1 Dki میں 1 DMARC. 1 SPF record will be a spe­cial “SPF” type of record, the oth­er 3 اقسام تمام TXT ریکارڈز ہو جائے گا
  3. Both SPF records will con­tain the text “v=spf1 include:_spf.google.com ‑all”, includ­ing the ” marks. Remem­ber to set one as type TXT and one as type SPF
  4. DMARC کی ریکارڈ قیمت "V = DMARC1 پڑے گا; P = سنگرودھ; PCT = 100; Rua کی = میل بنام:you@your-domain.com", اور نام _dmarc پڑے گا. آپ تبدیل یقینی بنائیں you@your-domain.com to the address you want DMARC reports sent to. You can also change some of the prop­er­ties, وہاں ایک گوگل کی طرف سے کی رہنمائی which will help you decide what prop­er­ties you wish to use.
  5. آخر, the DKIM record is the most com­plic­ated and requires some inform­a­tion from google which is spe­cif­ic to your domain…
  6. Log in to your google domain admin­is­trat­or pan­el at https://www.google.com/a/cpanel/پرائمری ڈومین کا نام — remem­ber to change پرائمری ڈومین کا نام آپ کے ڈومین نام کے لئے
  7. Click on “advanced tools” and scroll down to the bot­tom, and click on “Set up email authen­tic­a­tion (DKIM)"
  8. Make sure the cor­rect domain is selec­ted in the pull-down box (you prob­ably only have 1 ڈومین) and click on “gen­er­ate new record”
  9. Enter a pre­fix if you want one — I just used “google” and click gen­er­ate
  10. In the box that dis­plays there is the record you need to enter at your regis­trar along with the host­name
  11. TXT ریکارڈ قدر کاپی کریں اور کا ایک نوٹ بنانے DNS میزبان نام
  12. روٹ پر واپس سوئچ کریں 53
  13. Cre­ate the final (4ویں) new record — give it the name of the DNS Host Name you made a note of. Give it the value you copied from the TXT record value — remem­ber to put the value inside “” marks
  14. Wait a few minutes and then click “Start Authen­tic­a­tion”. If suc­cess­ful you’ll see “Status: Authen­tic­at­ing email"
  15. آپ پر منحصر انتظار کرنا پڑ سکتا 24 کے لئے گھنٹوں DNS to propag­ate so that you can start authen­tic­a­tion, but gen­er­ally it should hap­pen pretty quickly

For anoth­er take on this pro­cess I recom­mend 2 art­icles by Chris­toph­er Maish — the first on SPF اور Dki میں, دوسرا DMARC.  اچھی قسمت!

ہم کچھ یاد ہے لگتا ہے? ہم سے ذیل میں تبصرہ کی طرف سے بتائیں. آپ کے سبسکرائب کرنا چاہتے ہیں تو سب سے اوپر دائیں مینو پر لنک سبسکرائب استعمال کریں. آپ بھی ذیل سماجی روابط کا استعمال کرتے ہوئے کی طرف سے اپنے دوستوں کے ساتھ اس کا اشتراک کر سکتے ہیں. چیرس.

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